Periodontics focuses on the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of periodontal disease and other conditions that affect the gums and soft tissues of the mouth. Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is an infection caused by bacteria in plaque. When plaque builds up on the teeth, the bacteria irritate and inflame the gum tissues. If this condition is not treated in the early stage, called gingivitis, it can develop into periodontitis, which is the more advanced stage of gum disease. Gingivitis is characterized by red, tender, bleeding and swollen gums; periodontitis additionally involves gum recession and can eventually lead to bone loss and tooth loss. Gingivitis can usually be controlled, and even reversed, with professional cleanings and improved at-home oral care if the condition is diagnosed and treated early. Periodontitis, on the other hand, generally requires more involved, frequent treatment. We can treat mild to moderate periodontal disease, often in conjunction with lasers, and for more advanced or sever cases, we will refer you to the periodontist. We are pleased to provide high-quality treatment for gum disease at our office to return your smile to good health.